Need help with a specific concept?  Give these websites a try!

*Most links are from The Latin Library and the Kentucky Distance Learning (KDL) websites.  Links are from the Latin Library unless otherwise noted.

Here are vocabulary lists from Stages 1-4, 5-6, 7-8, 9-10, 11-12, 13-14, 15-16, 17-18, 19-20 (all from
Can't seem to remember all those little words?  Try these cheat sheets: Verba Parva et Difficilia, Prepositions, The "Q" Words
Which prepositions take the ablative (KDL)?
Preposition Review Game (KDL)

PRACTICE: What is a noun (Alvares via KDL)
What is a declension? Declension of Nouns PRACTICE: What declension is each word? (KDL)
More quizzes on declensions: Part I and Part II (Alvares via KDL)

1st Declension Nouns here and here (from Ohio State)
2nd Declension Nouns, and here (from Ohio State)
1st & 2nd Declension Nouns, 3rd Declension Nouns and here (from Ohio State) 
1st, 2nd & 3rd Declension Nouns,
4th Declension Nouns, and here (from Ohio State)
5th Declension Nouns and here (from Ohio State)
What is a case? gender (all from KDL)?  Guide to Cases I and Guide to Cases II.  One more from KDL (excludes dative)
Case explanation from
Nominative, Genitive, Dative, Accusative, Ablative, and Locative explanations from KDL
PRACTICE: Locative Case (KDL)
Feeling attacked by all those ablatives (KDL)Ablative Uses, Ablative Uses II, Full Ablative Uses
PRACTICE: Accusative & Genitive Case Practice, Accusative (Nouns and Pronouns) and Verbs Practice, Ablative Exercise
PRACTICE  Test your knowledge of case endings with this quiz

is ea what? Pronouns
ego mei mihi what whatPersonal Pronouns 
PRACTICE: Personal Pronouns,  and one from KDL
hic and illwhat? Demonstrative Pronouns
q-huhRelative Pronouns
PRACTICE: Relative Pronouns I, Relative Pronouns II, one from KDL, and another from KDL


Third Declension Adjectives can be tough 
PRACTICE: match nouns to the appropriate demonstrative adjective (hic and ille), and again, and again (KDL).
PRACTICE: match omnis to the given noun (KDL)
PRACTICE: noun/adjective agreement (KDL)
How do you translate the different degrees of adjectives (KDL)?
Comparison of Adjectives I, Comparison of Adjectives II, Degrees of Adjectives (KDL)
Irregular Adjectives (degrees) (KDL)

What are Participles?
Here is an explanation for all participles (present, perfect, future) (KDL) and an easy-to-read comparison chart
PRACTICE Present Active Participles  Future Passive Periphrastic
PRACTICE: translation of participles from the Aeneid, and again (from
PRACTICE: fill-in-the-blank with every participle, and another with deponent verbs (
What is an ablative absolute? Here's another explanation: Ablative Absolute, and another from KDL
PRACTICE the ablative absolute here, here, here, here, and here (all from
The Supine , and supines explained from

What do adverbs looks like (KDL)?
What do the comparative and superlative versions of Latin adverbs look like (KDL)?
PRACTICE: here and here(KDL)
Common irregular adverbs (KDL)

What do you mean by person, number, tense, mood, and voice (KDL)
What the heck is a conjugation (KDL)?  Conjugation of Verbs 
What is a 3rd-io Verb (KDL)?
What are principle parts (KDL)?

How is a subject supposed to agree with a verb? Personal Endings of Verbs
How am I supposed to tell what tense something is?  Personal Endings and Tense Indicators of Verbs 
Present Tense - All Conjugations, 1st & 2nd Conjugations, 3rd Conjugation 4th Conjugation  
Help forming The Future Tense, The Imperfect Tense, and The Perfect Tenses
PRACTICE: forming the present, imperfect, and perfect  and (again) forming the perfect tense (both from KDL).

What is the passive voice (KDL)?  PRACTICE: active/passive (KDL)
How do you form the passive voice?  Present System, Perfect System explanations from KDL
Need help with The Passive Voice endings? 
Great charts with all verb formations explained (PDF from
Great tips for identifying verb forms (from

What about those irregular verbs like sum, possum, fero (KDL), volo, nolo, and malo (KDL) 

What are infinitives and why do I need to know them?  KDL's explanation
How do I form the perfect active and passive infinitives (KDL)?
PRACTICE: active/passive infinitives
What is an indirect statement (KDL)?  More Indirect Statement explanation. 
Indirect Statement PRACTICE, more PRACTICE, and yet more PRACTICE (KDL)

What is the imperative (KDL)Another explanation from KDL.  Don't forget the imperative forms for deponent verbs (KDL)
What are these things called deponent verbs?

Independent Uses of the Subjunctive (not the uses in subordinate clauses)  
Here are the Ut Clauses
How do I form the subjunctive?  Conjugation of the Subjunctive
All of the following are from KDL:
The Subjunctive Mood, Part I: Explanation
The Subjunctive Mood, Part II: How to form tenses
The Subjunctive Mood, Part III: Review Imperfect, Pluperfect, Present, Perfect Forms 
The Subjunctive Mood, Part IV: Forming Imperfect and Pluperfect Passive Voice
Suggestions for translating Latin verbs in the subjunctive mood
Subordinate Subjunctive Clauses and the Sequence of Tenses
Subordinate Subjunctive Clauses continued
Sequence of Tenses - another take (opens in new window)
Subjunctive of Condition
(opens in new window)
Subjunctives after Verbs of Fearing
Indirect vs. Direct Questions
Conditional Sentences

PRACTICE: Subjunctives I 
PRACTICE: Subjunctives II
PRACTICE: Subjunctives, and more subjunctives, and yet more subjunctive practice (links from KDL, but exercises from AMSCO)

1.    Practice formation of present subjunctive active2.    Practice formation of present subjunctive passive.
3.    Practice formation of imperfect subjunctive active4.    Additional practice with imperfect subjunctive active.
5.    Practice formation of imperfect subjunctive passive6.    Practice formation of perfect subjunctive active.
7.    Practice formation of perfect subjunctive passive8.    Practice formation of pluperfect subjunctive active.
9.    Additional practice with pluperfect subjunctive active.   10.  Practice formation of perfect subjunctive passive.
Conceptual help: Translation help for independent uses of subjunctive.   More conceptual help: sequence of tenses with Mr. A.
11.  Practice translating subjunctive correctly.  12.  More practice translating subjunctive correctly.
13.  Identify the subjunctive uses matching.  Translation key here: use with caution.  14.  Transform indicative forms into subjunctive.
15.  Quiz yourself on sequence of tenses16.  NEW: Same quiz as #15 but with additional hints.
17.  NEW: take another sequence of tenses quiz.  18.  NEW: take yet another sequence of tenses quiz.

What is a Gerund (KDL)?
What is the difference between a Gerund and a Gerundive (from
The Gerund and Gerundive
PRACTICE: gerundives, and here's the key

Finally, here's eleven pages of love: Full Grammar Forms (all the charts you can shake a stick at)

Having trouble with the AeneidTry this page for anything and everything you could possibly need.